Visual Crossovers with Other Series/Movies
by Jörg Hillebrand and Bernd Schneider
Props from other TV series or movies repeatedly appeared in Star Trek, sometimes to save budget, sometimes as deliberate in-jokes or homages. Vice versa, visual cues to Star Trek can be found in a large number of otherwise unrelated series and movies. Please take the following pictures with a grain of salt. It is not our intention to endorse theories that any of the crossovers could be canon.
Other Series/Movies in Star Trek
The Outer Limits of exobiology
The stuntman and animal imitator Janos Prohaska worked for many TV productions of the 1960s, including Star Trek and also notably The Outer Limits. It appears that Prohaska brought a couple of costumes and masks to Star Trek, which benefited the show with its notoriously low budget. Prohaska shows up as soon as in "The Cage", where he portrays the anthropoid ape and the humanoid bird. The mask of the former creature is definitely a re-use of Calco from the Outer Limits episode "Fun and Games". It is quite possible that the latter originates from The Outer Limits too, more precisely from the Megasoid in "The Duplicate Man". The beak and some details are different though.
There is another possible re-use from The Outer Limits that is often hinted at. The famous Horta (TOS: "The Devil in the Dark") is said to have previously appeared as the microbe beast in The Outer Limits: "The Probe". However, while there is definitely a resemblance, the microbe beast has some sort of tentacles, unlike the Horta.
A hazard vest from The Outer Limits, more precisely from the episode "Production and Decay of Strange Particles", appears in two Star Trek episodes. It can be briefly seen in "The Corbomite Maneuver", and the dead Barnhart wears it in "The Man Trap" (here complete with the helmet).
Gilligan's trip continues
The sorcerer's robe from the Gilligan's Island episode "Lovey's Secret Admirer" could later be seen as Korob's costume in TOS: "Catspaw". Many years later, this same costume would also appear in Bewitched.
It is barely recognizable, but the label on a monitor in DS9 reads: "Just sit right back and you'll hear a tale, a tale of a fateful trip. That started from this tropic port, aboard this tiny ship."
Logan keeps running
The Sandmen Headquarters from the science fiction movie "Logan's Run" (1976) appears on two occasions in Star Trek, in TNG: "Final Mission" and "Tapestry". A portion of the cityscape with is characteristic pyramids appears on the Enterprise's viewscreen, behind Admiral Bennett, in "Star Trek V".
From the 25th to the 24th century
The planet matte of Aldebaran II from Buck Rogers: "The Plot to Kill a City" was re-used for Relva VII in TNG: "Coming of Age". The painting was modified in a couple of details. A dish antenna left of the main dome was replaced with a ball-shaped structure, instead of the red palm symbol on the dome there is now a Starfleet arrowhead, there are additional blue lights around the landing platform and new details on the rearmost buildings, including a small dome and some sort of garden around them. The apparent mesa at the middle distance was reshaped to a hill chain, and the otherwise unchanged mountains in the background are partially covered by a layer of mist. The sky looks somewhat different too.
Another re-use from Buck Rogers can be found in the form of the Boslic vessel in TNG: "Babel". The miniature was originally built by Ken Larson as the "Ranger", Buck's own ship, but remained unused. It was purportedly visible in a throw-away shot at the end of the first season, of which we have no visual evidence though. In Star Trek, the model continued its career as Jaheel's ship on DS9 and formed the basis for Neelix's Baxial, albeit the latter is pure CGI.
The toy-like rifle that Guinan uses in TNG: "Night Terrors" is yet another re-use from the Buck Rogers series, where it appeared as a laser weapon.
We can see the same tunnel in TNG: "Too Short a Season" and, a few years later, in "Legacy". This painted extension was originally made for the access tunnels inside the "Mega Maid" in "Spaceballs"!
A replica of the fertility idol from "Raiders of the Lost Ark" can be seen in Dax's quarters in DS9: "Dax". Dax's version is not as shiny as the original, possibly in order to cover up its origin in another franchise. The prop from "Raiders of the Lost Ark" is very closely based on a real pre-Columbian artifact. It depicts Tlazolteotl, the Aztec goddess of licentiousness.
Odo dreams of Jeannie?
In DS9: "A Simple Investigation" we can see the same type of bottle that we know from "I Dream of Jeannie".
Data's purple ancestor
In Clara Sutter's quarters in TNG: "Imaginary Friend" we can see a small statue of Maria, the Maschinenmensch from "Metropolis". This particular replica was produced by Masudaya in 1984 at 1/5 scale and in purple color.
Wesley's politically incorrect game
In TNG: "The Dauphin" we can see Wesley with the game "Nukem" from "Robocop". His figures are from a 3D chess game, instead of the original tall metallic figures. The black cards with the atomic symbol, on the other hand, belong to the Trek version of the game as well.
Found in Space
The lamp-like device on the ceiling of the (fake) Romulan holodeck in TNG: "Future Imperfect" is a replica of the spacecraft Jupiter II from "Lost in Space", according to Ed Miarecki. Also, the Jupiter II purportedly appears in the form of a chessman in TNG: "Unnatural Selection" (reported at Timecon '89). It is not really verifiable on the screen capture. But the chessman in TNG: "Conundrum" clearly based on the robot B-9, also from "Lost in Space", confirms that the first one is meant to be the Jupiter II.
Use the Force!
In TNG: "Sub Rosa" we can make out the grave of a Mr. or Mrs. Vader, next to that of a certain McFly (or one of his time-traveling incarnations). The criminal Ibudan from DS9 has listed the departure from a spaceport called Alderaan in his schedule.
That's no moon, it's too angular
In "Star Trek: First Contact" one of the Federation vessels fighting against the Borg cube is actually a Millenium Falcon, as was confirmed by ILM VFX artist John Knoll.
Another Star Wars ship appears in the form of the Talarian warship and the designs derived from it. The main hull was taken from an Imperial Star Destroyer.
The Force is strong with Abrams
Presenting Starfleet's newest acquisition in the field of robotics. The technology of R2-D2 from a long time ago in a galaxy far away was no help against the Narada in orbit of Vulcan though. R2-D2 reappears in "Star Trek Into Darkness" when the Enterprise is first attacked by the Vengeance.
A creepy ancient ship
The Promellian battlecruiser from TNG: "Booby Trap" originally appeared in the horror movie "Night of the Creeps" (1986).
A rather harmless visitor ship
The Batris from TNG: "Heart of Glory" re-uses the modules of a Visitor shuttle from "V" (the original series). The front section of the Batris, on the other hand, was ripped off from a ship that appeared in the shortl-lived Disney series Earth Star Voyager.
More than seven days into the future
The same buildings (most likely actual aircraft hangars) appear in the science fiction series Seven Days and in ENT: "First Flight".
UFO alert in the Delta Quadrant
We can see many CG models of ships that previously on Star Trek Voyager in Abaddon's Repository in VOY: "Alice". One model, however, is a UFO from the Gerry and Sylvia Anderson series from 1970.
seaQuest DSV borrows many motives from TNG, and likes to cite Star Trek. There is one mention of seaQuest DSV in TNG too, the name "Seaquest" of Darien Wallace's ship on a list in "Eye of the Beholder".
Sisko puts the band back together
The registry BDR-529 of the Santa Maria in DS9: "Paradise" previously (and arguably more famously) appeared as the number plate of the Bluesmobile.
Illustrious family tree
In TNG: "The Neutral Zone" Deanna Troi sifts through Clare Raymond's family tree to find relatives of the woman who had been frozen since the late 20th century (actually the display claims she died as late as 2035 as opposed to the spoken dialogue). Clare Raymond learns that her two sons were married to "Ginger Grant" and "Maryann Summers" from "Gilligan's Island". Her four grandchildren were named "Jonathan Frakes Raymond", "Denise P. Raymond", "LeVar Burton Raymond" and "Cheryl Gates Raymond". Their spouses were "Brent Spiner Raymond", "Marina Sirtis Raymond" and "Wil Wesley Raymond". The next generation has "Charles E. Winchester", "Sherman T. Potter", "Francis J. Mulcahey", "Margaret Houlihan", "Walter O'Reilly" "Kelleye Nakahara" - all characters from "M*A*S*H". In the fifth generation we can make out "William Hartnell", "Patrick Troughton", "Jon Pertwee", "Tom Baker", "Peter Davison", "Colin Baker" - all of whom played the Doctor in "Doctor Who". In addition, we find "Mary Richards" und "Louis Grant" in this generation, from "Mary Tyler Moore". The following two generations are almost illegible owing to the smaller font size, but eagle eyes may make out "Kermit T. Frog" and "Miss Piggy".
The screen displays were completely revised for the HD edition. The sometimes rather silly in-jokes referring to the TNG cast or to characters from other series were altered to be less obvious. The first generations are composed of: "Clare Raymond", "Donald Raymond", "Edward Raymond", "Ginger Summers", "Thomas Raymond", "Mary A. Grant", "Jonathan F. Raymond", "Marina S. Despina", "Denise C. Raymond", "Brent S. Jay Raymond", "Levardis B. Raymond", "Cheryl G. Raymond", "Wil W. Lachance Raymond", "Charles W. Raymond", "Sherman P. Raymond", "Francis M. Raymond", "Margaret H. Raymond", "Walter O. Raymond", "Kelleye N. Raymond", "Craig Weiss Raymond", "Nicki Kreitzman", "Chris Tezber Raymond", "Kiki Morris Raymond", "Sarah Paul Raymond", "Wade Felker Raymond", "Keven Scotti Raymond" and "Wendy Ruiz Raymond". The names of the crew working on the HD edition, such as Wendy Ruiz and also Niel Wray, were newly added. Also, the family tree now includes the place of birth and the dates of birth and of death for each member of the Raymond family. Finally, the spelling of Clare Raymond was changed from "Claire" to "Clare" on the first screen, and the date of her death was fixed.
The 8th Dimension in Equilibrium
The DS9 episode "Equilibrium" has two references to the 1984 movie "The Adventures of Buckaroo Banzai Across the 8th Dimension". The first is another re-use of the oscillation overthruster prop from the movie, this time as a medical scanning device of the Trill. The second is the alleged name "Whorfin Dax" of a former Dax host on a monitor, as a homage to the character of John Whorfin, played by John Lithgow. We can spot other humorous names in the alphabetical list, such as "Batman Androbin", "Bedrock Townof" or "Bell Pacific".
Regarding "Buckaroo Banzai", the movie also appears in the form of the ship SS Buckaroo Banzai BBI-993, "commanded by Captain John Whorfin, launched in 2137 on a mission to Planet 10 (DIM 8) in the Ficus Sector". At least, this is listed on an Okudagram in TNG: "Up the Long Ladder". Whorfin is also the class name of the two passenger transports in "Star Trek Generations".
A dirty pair of Klingons
There are several references to the anime series "Dirty Pair" on displays in TNG. For instance, "Op Kei" and "Op Yuri" appear beside the graphic of the Klingon BoP in TNG: "A Matter of Honor" and in the form of a "Kei/Yuri Submodule" in "The Measure of a Man". Kei and Yuri are the protagonists of that show. "Dirty Pair" returns the favor on a couple of occasions.
The casualty list from VOY: "Imperfection" has three "real" casualties listed, namely those of Marie Kaplan, Lyndsay Ballard and Timothy Lang who all died in the course of the series. The rest of the names seem to have been taken from "West Wing" characters!
Some of the frightening dream images from VOY: "Random Thoughts" were originally filmed for "Event Horizon".
Look Who's Watching
On the more light-hearted side, VOY: "Someone to Watch Over Me" shows us shots of a human ovum from "Look Who's Talking".
We can see a vessel with two suspiciously long jump drives as a part of the ragtag fleet. And in the 4th season episode "The Ties That Bind" the pivotal scene in which Cally learns that her husband, Chief Tyrol, is a Cylon, takes place in "Weapons Locker 1701D".
In the episode "Samantha's Bad Day in Salem" we can see a re-use of Korob's robe from TOS: "Catspaw" (that also appeared on Gilligan's Island).
Bill and Ted's Bogus Journey
We can see the often re-used Tillman Water Reclamation Plant as "Bill & Ted University". After watching TOS: "Arena" earlier in the movie, Bill and Ted are transported to Vasquez Rocks, where they are tossed off the cliff and encounter Death (William Sadler aka Sloane).
Black Mirror: USS Callister
The virtual reality scenario in this Black Mirror episode is very obviously a parody of TOS, not only because of its look but also because of the story clichés that are incorporated. In the teaser of the episode, the "USS Callister" is still shown in standard definition and a narrow screen ratio, other than the scenes supposedly taking place in real life, as it used to be an old TV show in the Black Mirror Universe.
Close Encounters of the Third Kind
We can see models of the original Enterprise and of a Klingon battlecruiser that belong to the character Roy Neary.
We can see Trek vessels in at least three episodes of the series.
In addition, an LCARS layout appears on a console. This prop can be rented from Modern Props, and at it has obviously retained the LCARS panel from an appearance in Star Trek Voyager.
Futurama has Star Trek references in most of its episodes, from story concepts over character similarities to re-used sounds. The DOOP is a spoof of the United Federation of Planets, just like Zapp Brannigan is modeled on Captain Kirk (or rather, on a Kirk who is more like William Shatner). "Where No Fan Has Gone Before" is a whole episode concerned with Star Trek and its cultural impact in the future.
George Takei appears as Hiro Nakamura's father in the episode "Distractions". The license plate of his car reads "NCC-1701".
James Bond 007 - Goldeneye
Hacker Boris Grishenko has a spinning cube graphic on his screen. One of the images appearing on the cube as it spins is a communicator and the Starfleet logo.
In the MacGyver pilot episode we can see the torpedo hatch on the Enterprise as it first appeared in "Star Trek II".
Mork & Mindy
In the episode "Mork Goes Public" Mindy's father is wearing the protection suit from TOS: "The Naked Time" with the helmet from "The Tholian Web". Mork is wearing Colonel Green's uniform from "The Savage Curtain" with slight modifications. His helmet, by the way, originates in the Outer Limits episode "Soldier".
seaQuest DSV is also known as "Underwater Star Trek" as the series borrows many character and story concepts from TNG, but usually without direct references. There are two exceptions, though. The episode "Hide and Seek" has William Shatner as a guest star. When he appears on the viewscreen, we can spot James Tiberius Kirk's initials "JTK" along with a familiar starship registry at the bottom. On the top of the screen we can also see "WS" for William Shatner. In "Dream Weaver", we can see a commemoration plaque for Nomad Mk-25A, the "first interstellar probe to seek out evidence of new life-forms".
There are references to Star Trek in various Stargate SG-1 episodes. In the Stargate Universe, Star Trek is "only" a TV show and is quoted as such. For instance, in the episode SG1: "Unnatural Selection" Jack O'Neill suggests the name Enterprise for the spaceship X-303. In SG1: "Children of the Gods" the character Louis Ferretti can be seen doing the Vulcan hand salute. SG1: "200" even shows the crew in a Star Trek parody with according uniforms.
SG1: "The Other Guys", however, has a genuine in-joke, as we can see a bat'leth behind Khonsu's throne. The episode also features John Billingsley (Dr. Phlox) as a scientist who loves to quote Star Trek.
In the movie "The A-Team" we can see the credits of a movie in which an actor named "Reginald Barclay" is credited. Of course, this is a reference to Dwight Schultz, who played Reginald Barclay on TNG as well as Murdock in the A-Team series.
The Big Bang Theory
No other TV series is so full of references to Star Trek as "The Big Bang Theory". The perhaps most noteworthy episode in this regard is “The Bakersfield Expedition". Here we can see Sheldon dressed as Data, Leonard as Captain Picard, Raj as Worf and Howard as a Borg. Vasquez Rocks also appears in the episode.
The whole look and feel of The Orville is clearly modeled on Star Trek, and specifically on the TNG era. Definite Star Trek references, on the other hand, are comparably rare. For instance, in the season 2 premiere, "Ja'loja", we can see a Map of the Milky Way Galaxy, which is very similar in its style and segmentation to the one from TNG: "Conspiracy". The original Star Trek map already appeared in The Sarah Jane Adventures (see below).
The Sarah Jane Adventures
In the pilot episode of this Doctor Who spin-off series a map of the Milky Way Galaxy can be seen, which was originally produced for TNG: "Conspiracy". Unlike the Trek-inspired map that would be created for The Orville (see above), we can see the original map (or a reprint thereof).
Transformers: Dark of the Moon
In this Transformers movie Wheelie is watching the Star Trek episode "Amok Time", "the one where Spock goes nuts". Furthermore Leonard Nimoy voices Sentinel Prime in the movie, saying "The needs of the many outweigh the needs of the few".
In the West Wing episode "Manchester, Part I" the Botany Bay is listed on a situation chart along with several actual US Navy ships. This is no surprise, considering that no one else but Mike Okuda made this display.
The Real Ghostbusters
The episode "Ain't NASA-sarily So" is full of references to Star Trek. It begins with the captain's log (of the space station). The emblem of the station is a slight variation of the familiar Starfleet arrowhead and the communications officer looks conspicuously like Uhura.
The Dirty Pair episode 1 "How to Kill a Computer" shows a list with some familiar names. DeForest Kelley is not spelled correctly though. In episode 2, "Do Lovely Angels Prefer Chest Hair?", we see a random bit of decoration in the meeting room of a space cruiser company who are discussing why their ships are being destroyed in so many "accidents". On a further note, Dirty Pair forms sort of a symbiotic relationship with Star Trek as the latter returns the favor with several references to "Kei" and "Yuri" and with Rick Sternbach basing the design of the exocomp on the Dirty Pair character of Nanmo.
In the Dirty Pair episode "No Way! 463 People Disappeared?", there is a clear shot of Arthur having a model Enterprise hanging from his ceiling. On closer inspection, one can almost make out the full registry. The episode "But They're Only Children!" features a team of rowdy children taking over a military base and demanding that every station play only cartoons. Hidden within the generic kiddie stuff is the Enterprise transforming into some butt-kicking robot.
Star Trek is referenced in several more Japanese anime series. In "Daphne in the Brilliant Blue" we look at the motor in a character's car. The dialogue actually mentions the names as it refers to the type of engine. Note that "NC1701D" is missing a "C".
In "Gunsmith Cats", surprisingly a non-sci-fi instance, we can see a license plate with a rather out-of-this-world registry.
In "The Irresponsible Captain Tylor" the English dub mentions phasers and photon torpedoes as two of the weapons that the two warring factions use. However that can only be noted for the dub and may not hold true for the original dialogue. There's even a point where the characters are enthralled by some nebula and the The Blue Danube plays in the background as an obvious homage to "2001: A Space Odyssey" (again this can't be confirmed from original Japanese). Also of note is the fact that the UPSF and the Ralgon Empire in the anime looks like the Federation versus the Romulan Star Empire, also because the Ralgon have pointed ears. Anyway, an obvious visual reference is in the ship designs, of which one is clearly inspired by Klingon cruisers such as the Vor'cha.
Speaking of Easter Eggs on monitors, there is one on the SDF-1's bridge in Robotech season 1 (or "The Super Dimension Fortress Macross"), mentioning "Klingons", "Enterprise" and "Ph Torps". Also note that it takes "09 years to repair" the damaged computer. ;-) More specifically, this is a reference to the BASIC computer game "Star Trek" that was popular in the late 70s. The screen imitates the text-based interface of that game.
There are a couple of Trek references in the Tenchi Muyo series, among them a one-eyed Spock in the Episode 4 prologue.
A clear Trek reference in the form of the Galileo shuttle with the registry "NCC-1701-A" can be found in "The Darkest Day" of the Dragon Ball Z series.
In "Sonic: The Movie" we can see a ship inspired by the Enterprise as part of the wreckage on Sonic's island.
In the Sonic the Hedgehog cartoon series from 1993 on ABC, Princess Sally's personal computer, NICOLE, looks like the tricorders from Star Trek: The Next Generation, Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Star Trek: Voyager.
During a trippy hyperdrive flight in "Heavy Metal", we come across the wreckage and debris of many spacefaring objects including an unmistakable Enterprise.
In "Kareshi Kanojo no Jijou" ("His and Her Circumstances"), episode 8, time index 11:45, we can see the Enterprise registry on the big bottle in the lab.
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2012)
Leonardo watches the show "Space Heroes" that is very blatantly a Star Trek knock-off, specifically The Animated Series. The show is done in 2D ink & paint style almost distinguishing it as animated within the show. Further adding to this is the various nuances (limited animation particularly) actually serving as homage to TAS itself versus a cut & paste TOS parody. In one episode, we can also see a movie poster for "Space Heroes III", which is obviously based on the "Star Trek III" poster.
Re-Used Planet Sets - including the buildings from "Logan's Run"
Re-Uses of the Vasquez Rocks Location - observations about Star Trek's most famous filming location
Re-Used Props - Engineering Tools - including the oscillation overthruster
Visual In-Jokes - deliberate in-jokes on displays and props
Some screen caps from TrekCore. Thanks to Robert Heckadon, Paul Eisner and Michael Minnick for several contributions! Special thanks to Michael Minnick for tending to the Japanese anime. P.O. Holland found the "Tenchi Muyo" reference, Branden Lee Wilson saw the shuttle in "Dragon Ball Z", Josh Wagner discovered how "The Super Dimension Fortress Macross" mimics the interface of the old Star Trek game, Artur A. Tello spotted the NCC-1701 in "His and Her Circumstances", Andrew Friden found the references in "The Real Ghostbusters", SonicJordan noticed the tricorder in the Sonic series, Shaun Aki spotted the Trek ship in "West Wing", LearnedHand found the references in "seaQuest DSV", Greg Tyler found additional in-jokes in "seaQuest", s47 found the NCC-1701 number plate in "Heroes", Joe pointed out the Trek references in "Transformers" to me, TechniMyoko spotted the Trek map in The Orville. Lee discovered the real-life origin of the Indiana Jones idol, Michael Zock spotted the hangars in "Seven Days", Greg Price found the rifle in Buck Rogers, Matt Wright pointed us to the Star Wars references in the movies, Jochen provided the screen caps of the Millenium Falcon. The "Mega Maid" corridor was found by Dan Carlson, and the Mork & Mindy references are from a thread at the TrekBBS, with an additional hint from Frederick.